- Distinctive, well-constructed design
- Impressively light as a tablet
- Gorgeous screen
- Pen input works well
- Comfortable keyboard
- Fast performance
- Best-in-class battery life in laptop mode
- Lots of configurations to choose from
- Short battery life for just the tablet
- High cost of entry
- “Fulcrum” hinge makes the laptop appear fatter when shut
- Feels heavy compared to some other flagship laptops
- Screen wobbles a bit it in laptop mode
Microsoft’s first laptop raises the bar for other notebooks, with fast performance, best-in-class battery life and a design that manages to be both premium and unforgettable. The detachable screen is also comfortable to use as a tablet, thanks to both its light 1.6-pound design, accurate pen input and some well-thought-out dimensions. Overall, we recommend it, especially to people who value performance, design and battery life above all else, and are willing to pay dearly for it. We just hope that next year’s model is a little lighter and that it offers longer battery life in tablet mode.
Microsoft told us everything we thought we needed to know about the Surface Book as a laptop, and then turned that on its head with its detachable tablet. It was showmanship worthy of an Apple event, instantly overshadowing the Surface Pro 4 and causing a few MacBook Pro owners to glance at their notebooks with new eyes. Now, though, with the secret out, does the reality of Microsoft’s first laptop live up to the initial surprise?
If you missed the big reveal, here are the highlights. The Surface Book is the first notebook of the Surface family, finished in brushed magnesium. It has a 13.5-inch display running at a pixel-dense 3,000 x 2,000 resolution, with Microsoft’s own PixelSense screen technology and support for 10-point multitouch.
Where the Surface Pro 4 sacrifices a few extra ports in the name of tablet svelteness, the Surface Book finds room for two USB 3.0, a full-size SD card reader, headphone/microphone jack, and a Mini DisplayPort output (which I’d gladly sacrifice in favor of HDMI). Just as with the Pro 4, there’s a new Surface Pen with 1,024 levels of pressure sensitivity.
Inside, there’s a choice of Core i5 or Core i7 processors – spanning $1,499 through to $3,199 with different memory and storage configurations – up to 16GB of memory, and between 128GB and 1TB of SSD PCIe storage. 802.11ac 2×2 MIMO WiFi is standard, as is Bluetooth 4.0 LE, and there’s a 5-megapixel camera above the display and an 8-megapixel autofocus camera on the back.
So far, so high-end laptop, but just when we’d pigeon-holed the Surface Book neatly into its category, Microsoft played its wildcard. Hold down a certain button on the keyboard, wait a moment as a red LED goes green, and then the whole screen pulls free and becomes a standalone tablet.
There was whooping, there were cheers, and there were a dozen instant questions. Turns out, the Surface Book is yet another riff on the hybrid form-factor; if the Surface Pro 4 is the tablet for those who periodically want to type, then its new cousin is the notebook for those who just occasionally want to ditch the keys.
In fact, Microsoft’s tentative expectations are that Surface Book owners will use it as a tablet alone roughly 20-percent of the time, and the rest of the hardware has been built around that prediction.
You can tell from first glance that this is an unusual notebook. Rather than a traditional hinge, or even a 360-degree mechanism as Lenovo has been refining with its YOGA series, Microsoft has both created its own and coined a name for it.
Dubbed the Dynamic Fulcrum Hinge, it’s a centipede of segmented metal that unfurls sinuously. For the most part it’s neatly tensioned – I wish it was a little easier to open one-handed – but the design isn’t just to make it eye-catching.
In fact, it helps address one of Microsoft’s key concerns about a touchscreen notebook: making sure the whole thing doesn’t topple backwards when you prod at the display. Previous Surface models, of course, have had a kickstand to stop that from happening, but the Surface Book doesn’t.
Instead, Microsoft’s engineers effectively stretch out the laptop’s footprint as the hinge unrolls, allowing the base to keep the while thing stable without being unduly heavy. It works, too: I’ve been able to stab at the screen without the notebook tipping back or even wobbling.
The hinge’s second trick is the hidden mechanism for separating screen from keyboard. Traditionally, hybrid notebooks have been bulky where the two parts connect, but Microsoft has – with what it’s calling “muscle wire” that changes its form depending on the charge passing through it – slimmed that down to practically nothing.
So, rather than pulling at a mechanical clasp, you hold down the top-row button next to the delete key and wait a moment. Assuming there’s no software hold-up – such as an app currently using the ports – there’s a faint click and you can pull the screen free.
The processor, memory, Intel HD Graphics 520 GPU, and storage are all in the top half, which Microsoft calls the Clipboard, along with a battery. The bottom half, meanwhile, has a second battery, all the ports other than the headphone jack, and – if fitted – the discrete NVIDIA GeForce GPU with its own 1GB of memory.
It’s that division of CPU and GPU which allowed Microsoft to split the Surface Book in half, and it’s also one of the more complicated – and interesting – elements of the notebook. The NVIDIA GPU is hot-swappable: Windows 10 recognizes it if it’s connected, knows to switch to the onboard graphics if it’s absent, and can then reconnect without demanding the system be rebooted when you dock the tablet again.
I’ve actually been testing two Surface Book models. One has a Core i5 processor from Intel’s latest 6th-gen Skylake range, but only has Intel graphics. The other has a Core i7 processor and the discrete NVIDIA GPU in the base.
What’s particularly clever is that you can drop the Core i5 tablet into the keyboard that came with the Core i7 model and, after a moment where the ports and GPU are recognized and their drivers automatically installed if it’s the first time they’ve been joined, the extra hardware works just as you’d expect it to.
Windows 10 might be able to handle that switchover, mind, but most third-party apps aren’t so clever, and can’t do real-time hot swapping with the NVIDIA GPU. Try to undock the Clipboard while one of those apps is using the discrete graphics and you’ll get an error message and the muscle wire won’t release; similarly, if you re-dock the tablet many apps won’t recognize the GPU until you shut them down and restart them.
Microsoft is giving developers access to the same hot-swap GPU technology it itself is using, and the hope is that the big names in graphically-intensive software like photo and video editing apps will get onboard with the system.
It’s worth noting that there are still some teething pains even in Windows alone. Neither of the two systems I’ve been testing have gone without graphics crashes, sometimes coinciding with docking or removing the Clipboard, but otherwise unpredictably. It’s possible that’s down to early hardware and/or drivers, though.
Tablet alone, the Surface Book’s display feels like an even thinner, slightly larger Surface Pro 4. Its 3:2 aspect ratio is nicely proportioned both in landscape and portrait orientations – unlike some tablets, it doesn’t look oddly tall and narrow when you’re holding it like a book – and the PixelSense display is incredible, with plenty of detail.
It’s light enough – at 1.6 pounds – to hold for extended periods, though if you dock it back on the keyboard, only facing the other way and fold it flat like a chunky clipboard, it’s more comfortable to cradle it in the crook of your arm. Altogether, it weighs 3.34 pounds (or 3.48 pounds with the discrete GPU).
The Surface Pen – which clings to the side magnetically, rather than slotting into a fabric loop as on previous Surface models, meaning it more readily falls to hand but also can be knocked off in your bag – shows little in the way of nib parallax, and the digital ink flows smoothly and accurately. There’s now an eraser on the top, too, which when clicked or double-clicked can take a screenshot or open up OneNote.
Hold it down, meanwhile, and you summon Cortana, Windows 10’s voice controlled assistant. Unfortunately there’s no way to reprogram the button to trigger your own choice of apps instead of those Microsoft picks.
While I like the design for the most part, there are a few things I’d tweak in the name of ergonomics. An internal Surface Pen bay would be an obvious improvement, but I’d also like a second release button on the side of the Clipboard. On several occasions I’ve been using the Surface Book as a notepad with the display reversed and folded flat on the keyboard, then wanted to flip it back around to protect the screen in my bag.
Actually doing that while standing up, however, can be precarious: stretching a thumb across to press the release button while simultaneously trying to support the keyboard and pull at the Clipboard. It’s possible, but I can easily envisage heartache after inadvertently dropping a half.
The MacBook Pro has always been a portable powerhouse, and I was curious whether Microsoft had sacrificed performance in its tableteering journey. Happily, that doesn’t appear to be the case, though graphics performance obviously hinges on whether you’ve coughed up for the NVIDIA option.
I started out with Geekbench, a test of processor and memory performance. The Core i5 model scored 3,031 in the single-core test, and 6,462 in the multi-core. Meanwhile, its Core i7 counterpart scored 3,577 and 7,401 respectively.
I then turned to Futuremark’s 3DMark Professional, which tests graphics performance. Given the two CPUs and the two GPUs, I effectively had four combinations to compare; I used both the toughest Fire Strike benchmark in 3DMark, as well as the Sky Diver version which is targeted at more mainstream high-end and gaming machines.
I’ve thrown the results into the table above, but the upshot is basically that you get roughly double the graphics grunt with the discrete GPU. That observation was borne out in real-world use, with tasks like HD video exports completing in comparatively short order when the NVIDIA keyboard dock was in place.As for battery life, the Surface Book has two batteries: one in the screen section, and a larger one in the base. You can plug the power adapter – which usefully has a USB port on the side for charging a phone or peripheral at the same time – into the keyboard and have both batteries recharge simultaneously, or alternatively plug it straight into the port on the bottom of the tablet.
There are some foibles to be considered with how Microsoft uses power. In my testing, it seemed the keyboard battery was used in preference to the display battery; sensible, since that meant more flexibility as to when I could detach the tablet section and go roaming.
However, when the screen runs down, docking it onto the keyboard won’t cause the bigger battery to recharge the smaller. That’s apparently because there’d be some wastage in the transfer and overall runtime would decrease.
Overall, Microsoft rates the Surface Book as good for twelve hours of video playback in total. That’s with both batteries in play; Clipboard alone, Microsoft says, you’re looking at more like three hours.
In practice, and with mixed use, I found the display portion would run for up to two hours depending on what I was doing. Low-intensity tasks like note-taking stretched out runtimes, and indeed the Surface Book makes for an excellent, expansive digital notebook.
Altogether, more mundane tasks like browsing, emailing, and a little YouTube watching saw the Surface Book last around 8-9 hours. Doing anything more intensive, or bringing the NVIDIA GPU into play, chopped that down considerably, just as you’d expect.
Performance and battery life
|PCMARK7||PCMARK8 (CREATIVE ACCELERATED)||3DMARK11||3DMARK (SKY DIVER)||ATTO (TOP READS/WRITES)|
|Surface Book (2.4GHz Core i5-6300U, Intel HD 520)||5,412||3,610||E2,758 / P1,578 / X429||3,623||1.6 GB/s / 571 MB/s|
|Surface Book (2.6GHz Core i7-6600U, 1GB NVIDIA GeForce graphics)||5,740||3,850||E4,122 / P2,696||6,191||1.55 GB/s / 608 MB/s|
|Lenovo LaVie Z(2.4GHz Intel Core i7-5500U, Intel HD 5500)||5,232||N/A||E2,001/ P1,122 / X310||N/A||555 MB/s / 245 MB/s|
|HP Spectre x360(2015, 2.2GHz Intel Core i5-5200U, Intel HD 5500)||4,965||N/A||E1,667 / P932 / X265||N/A||555 MB/s / 270 MB/s|
|Dell XPS 13 (2015, 2.2GHz Intel Core i5-5200U, Intel HD 5500)||4,900||N/A||E2,114 / P1,199 / X330||N/A||515 MB/s / 455 MB/s|
Over the past two weeks, I’ve had the opportunity to test not one, but two Surface Book configurations: one with a dual-core Core i5-6300U CPU, 8GB of RAM and integrated Intel HD 520 graphics, and another with a Core i7-6600U processor, 16GB of RAM and a custom 1GB GPU based on NVIDIA’s Maxwell architecture. The two machines delivered similar scores in CPU-oriented tests like PCMark, with disk speeds matching as well: top read speeds of about 1.6GB per second, and max reads of around 600 MB/s. Startup is similar across different configurations too: between 10 and 15 seconds to the login screen, which is fast, but also fairly standard for a flagship laptop with an SSD.
But, as you’d expect, the GPU-enabled model soared in graphics tests, sometimes delivering as much as a 70 percent improvement. Clearly, it’s unlike almost any other thin-and-light Windows flagship laptop on the market, and if you intend to use apps like Photoshop or a video editor, you’ll appreciate the added clout. That said, the Surface Book’s results in more gaming-focused tests like 3DMark’s “Sky Driver” benchmark suggest that although the machine has plenty of graphics power, it wasn’t built for gamers. Maybe it was the relatively modest 1GB of VRAM, or maybe this just isn’t the best GPU NVIDIA has to offer, but in Sky Driver’s gaming simulations, titles ran at an average of around 30 frames per second. That’s playable, but it was slow enough that I decided against running additional benchmarks that simulated an even more graphically intensive game.
Also, games were one of the few things to really make the fans start whining. For the most part, during my two weeks of testing, I enjoyed quiet performance, with a chassis that didn’t stay cool, exactly, but never burned my hands or legs either. Get a game going, though, and the fans will get quite loud. To Microsoft’s credit, at least, the noise pipes down quickly — in some cases a few seconds after you close the offending app.
|Surface Book (Core i5, integrated graphics)||13:54 / 3:20 (tablet only)|
|Surface Book (Core i7, discrete graphics)||11:31 / 3:02 (tablet only)|
|MacBook Air (13-inch, 2013)||12:51|
|HP Spectre x360||11:34|
|Apple MacBook Pro with Retina display (13-inch, 2015)||11:23|
|Chromebook Pixel (2015)||10:01|
|Microsoft Surface 3||9:11|
|Apple MacBook (2015)||7:47|
|Dell XPS 13 (2015)||7:36|
|Lenovo Yoga 3 Pro||7:36|
|Lenovo LaVie Z||7:32|
|Microsoft Surface Pro 3||7:08|
|Lenovo LaVie Z 360||6:54|
Microsoft rates the Surface Book for up to 12 hours of battery life with the keyboard dock attached. I’d say that’s a conservative estimate: I logged nearly 14 hours on the integrated-graphics model, and that was with a 1080p video looping and the brightness fixed at a punishing 65 percent. Even the configuration with a Core i7 CPU and discrete graphics managed 11 and a half hours in the same test, and that’s on par with the 13-inch MacBook Pro, which doesn’t have discrete graphics. Either way, I have no doubt that with a dimmer setting (not to mention the ambient brightness sensor enabled), you could squeeze out even more runtime.
The catch is that most of that battery capacity lives inside the keyboard dock, meaning you won’t be able to use the Surface Book for more than a few hours in tablet mode before needing a trip back to the charger. With a Core i5 processor, the tablet lasted a brief three hours and 20 minutes; with a more power-hungry i7 chip, that number dropped to three hours.
In any case, I suppose none of this is surprising: It’s a 1.6-pound tablet with a Core processor and a 3,000 x 2,000 screen. Something has to give, and that something is battery life. I won’t knock the Surface Book too much for that, but I would remind you to see this for what it is: a laptop that can be used as a tablet. If what you really want is a tablet that can replace your laptop, you’d be better served by the Surface Pro.
Microsoft deserved its ovation. Superlative build quality and truly innovative hardware single the Surface Book out as something legitimately special. The docking mechanism is an engineering triumph, certainly the cleanest way to handle a removable screen, while the idea of making the video card modular is something I hope we see more manufacturers embrace.
The actual delivery of all that is somewhat less clean-cut, however. I’m warily wiling to put most of the flakiness down to early hardware and work-in-progress drivers, but it’s clear that the practicalities of this new architecture are still being ironed out. In theory, the Clipboard shouldn’t allow itself to be detached if it’ll make the system unstable; in practice, that’s not always the case.
Throw in underwhelming battery life for the Clipboard alone, and it’s clear that thinking of the Surface Book as both a laptop and a tablet isn’t really accurate. This isn’t a replacement for your MacBook Pro and your iPad; it’s a PC that tells you to take an hour or so of downtime with a Netflix video before getting back to work. I can’t help but hope that Microsoft uses the same hybrid mechanism in a smaller form-factor, with more of a focus on equal battery life between the halves.
For all the launch day excitement it caused, Surface Book will inevitably be a niche product. As the standard bearer for a new architecture of modular graphics, though, it may be in Microsoft’s better interests in the long run if, Nexus-style, other OEMs see what’s been done and experiment with the same approach themselves.
Early adopters with deep pockets and a hankering for premium Windows can add the Surface Book to their shortlist along with machines like HP’s Spectre X360. For the rest of us, it’s the lessons in form-factor and component design that will hopefully help shape a new generation of more flexible Windows notebooks.
(slashgear.com & engadget.com)