AT A GLANCE
Outstanding seven-channel power from uncommon amp topology
Dirac Live auto setup and room correction
Winning remote handset
Reference-grade seven-channel power, an unusual (and unusually effective) auto-EQ system, and refreshing simplicity and straightforward ergonomics in a pricey, albeit very attractive and well-executed package.
Arcam’s new flagship A/V receiver, the AVR850, is about the most expensive receiver you can buy today: $6,000 here in the Land of the Free(-ish) (not counting a slightly more expensive, similarly spec’d model sourced by Arcam for AudioControl). That’s a lot of simoleons for a box that, on the surface anyway, doesn’t do quite as much stuff as the big-brand models, doesn’t have as much claimed-on-paper power or as many colored lights or flashing displays, and which exudes a substantially simpler design aesthetic. So what do you get for your extra couple of kilo-clams?
Sound quality, that’s what. At least, that’s what the British firm claims—and the aggregate opinion of the audiophile world seems to concur. Whether you regard audio’s higher end as a tight-knit community or a mere rag-tag of warring tribes, it is most certainly a village, especially in today’s net-connected age, and the collective judgment of a village is rarely wrong. But rather than take it on faith, we solicited a sample of Arcam’s latest design.
The new model’s big stories are three. First, and in common with just about every other current top-line AVR: Dolby Atmos and DTS:X. Next, and in common with very few other receivers ever, as far as I know: an unusual amplifier topology, Class G. Geek-hats on, please: Class G is a version of an amplifying topology that has been around for decades. Instead of the high-voltage power rails (plus/minus DC voltages provided as the current reservoir to the power-output devices) found in all Class A and A/B designs that are used in the vast majority of amps and receivers, Class G maintins much lower-voltage rails, but with highervoltage sources available for shortterm demands. Since music’s peak-to-average power demands are on the order of 10 to 1 or more, this should have zero performance penalty, with the benefits of being smaller, cooler, and lighter. In Arcam’s implementation, the rail voltages are allowed to vary continuously (Class G), as opposed to hard-switching between two or more voltage levels (Class H, etc.).
And the third big story: Arcam’s design incorporates Dirac Live speaker setup and room-correction, a feature we’ve encountered before (in Emotiva’s XMC-1 pre/pro). Developed in Sweden, the Dirac solution requires outboard processing in the form of a PC or Mac during setup, but it provides a far more user-interactive experience than do consumer-level onboard systems such as Audyssey or the proprietary solutions found increasingly in mainstream AVRs. Dirac also claims that its mixed-phase filter algorithms are more effective in correcting time-domain errors (I’m paraphrasing here) than the finiteimpulse-response filters employed in most or possibly all other such systems. OK, you can remove the geek-hats now.
The new Arcam looks very much like its predecessor, the AVR750, save for one important distinction: It has a knob on its front panel, whereas the AVR750 was an all-pushbutton affair. Progress! The design is quintessentially understated. The slightly bulging front panel has a semi-matte black-with-gray-in-it finish, and other than a pair of tiny 1/8-inch ports for headphone-out and aux-in, Arcam decided to forgo the usual frontpanel connection jacks. (Does anybody ever actually use those?) The result is one of the best-looking AVRs out there; I liked it extremely.
Around back, Arcam has followed Thoreau’s maxim to “simplify, simplify, simplify”: There are no analog video connections whatsoever, just a row of seven HDMI inputs (and three outs, including a second-zone option) and the corresponding stereo analog inputs. There’s a preamp output for 7.1.4 channels should you force Atmos maximus into play with the addition of outboard amps (but no multichannel analog inputs, which are increasingly unnecessary) and seven speaker outputs on substantial metal dual-banana pairs.
As implied above, the power-amp section is but a seven-channel affair, with numbers 6 and 7 assignable to front- or rear-height (or second-zone stereo), leaving, in a 5.1.4 setup such as mine, one Atmos height speaker pair powerless. However, the Arcam routes the unamplified height signal to a preamp-out pair, which I sent to two channels of my everyday power amp, sitting otherwise idle. (In practice, you could use almost any available two-channel amp or receiver.) Otherwise, setup was a mere matter of plugging things together: I ran the Arcam with my usual 5.1 suite, which includes moderately low-sensitivity, current-hungry main-front speakers, supplemented by a quad of PSB’s excellent Imagine XA elevation modules for Dolby Atmos or DTS:X. Nine channels is a lotta cables. Thank God mine are all banana-plugged, saving me from fumbling around with 18 bare wires.
Running the Dirac roomcorrection routine requires first downloading a free, de-featured version of Dirac Live from Arcam’s website. Then you proceed along mostly familiar lines (except that the provided setup mic is connected to the computer, not the receiver), following onscreen (TV, not computer) prompts to move the mic through six positions, pausing each time for channel-circulating sweeps and number-crunching. Twenty minutes or so later, Dirac displays gorgeous onscreen (computer, not TV) graphics of each channel’s response (or all of them) before and after, in either time- or frequency-domain plots.
My results were consistent (visually, at least) with the many other measurements and corrections I’ve applied to this system in this room, from many different EQ schemes: same or similar dips and peaks, same or similar EQ compensations. Which is not to say that the audible results would necessarily be identical: far from it. As provided via Arcam, Dirac allows you to shape a “target curve” for each channel, using three “handles” to manipulate the onscreen curve; the program will then calculate filters to derive the attendant impulse response to achieve this response. This, of course, empowers the operator to cause all sorts of mayhem; fortunately, Dirac defaults to a standard all-channels target curve, which looked to me to be a classic Quad-tilt contour trending down perhaps 1 decibel per octave above 2 kilohertz or so. Once you’re finished exploring, you proceed to export the data to the AVR850—a simple drag ’n’ drop process, though the upload takes a few minutes.
My first order of business was to check channel levels and speaker distances. The latter appeared spot-on; the Arcam displays these in milliseconds, not distances, but conversion is easy enough when the formula is as close-to-never-mind as 1 foot per millisecond. However, Dirac’s normalized channel levels are very low, so I added 6 dB to each manually, and I confirmed the balance the old-fashioned way, with an SPL meter; only two 2-dB adjustments were required. Comparing Arcam/Dirac’s EQ/correction with unprocessed sound is made easier through an “audition” mode available only while the Dirac application is running (on the computer) and communicating with the receiver. Even then, substantial level differences remain to obfuscate evaluation.
Just the same, doing my best to level-compensate on the fly, I judged listening through Dirac to be very like listening through the better sort of correction, regardless of system (though I’m mostly thinking of upper-grade Audyssey). Which is to say: tighter, better-defined bass, mostly thanks to mitigation of my room’s modest 70-Hz-region mode, and clearer-but-not-brighter high treble, thanks (I surmise) to cancellation of some closer/stronger first-reflection effects. I wished, not for the first time, that there was some practical way to compare correction algorithms and systems. But in the case of the best such—and I certainly include Dirac Live in that class—the net result is kind of like taking the screen protector off of your smartphone: Everything looks the same, but more so. At the same time, I don’t mean to overstate; the differences, at least in my acoustically better-than-average room, were fairly subtle.
Otherwise, I have very little to say about the Arcam’s sonic performance, which is good news. Everything I sent its way—whether CD, hi-res audio file, or SACD—sounded simply terrific: clean, dynamic, and musical. To cite one example, a recent addition to my SACD collection (an increasingly rare event, sadly) of Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition (with Valery Gergiev leading the Mariinsky Orchestra) rolled across gloriously, with its slightly distant recording perspective well represented by ample surround-channel content, especially evident on the recurrent “Promenade” entries. To cite another example, an all-channels workout like Bonnie Raitt’s Road Tested, at club-like levels, similarly revealed no amplifier shortcomings. And extensive two-channel auditions were of the same fully dynamic, fully transparent nature, with no hint of dynamic shortfall or clipping—even at fully concert-like levels, and regardless of listening mode or program genre.
With the support of my two external-amp channels, the same excellence came across on movie sound, with the expected wows of Dolby Atmos dimensionality. Both the verticality and the enhanced spaciousness of Atmos were amply evident on the trailers collection from Dolby’s own demo disc. A full-scale production like the recent Atmos-enabled reissue of Terminator 2: Judgment Day on Blu-ray was all there: loud, tall, and proud. Short form: The AVR850’s Class G amplification scores an unreserved pass, with honors.
As for the Arcam’s “extras” menu—well, it’s short, some might say refreshingly so. The AVR850 can stream audio via wired Ethernet (or a plugged-in USB drive) but only up to a 48-kHz sample rate—which means the convenience of music-server delivery of MP3, WMA, FLAC, WAV, and AAC files is on offer (not DSD), but not the quality, real or imagined, of hi-res audio files. Basic but nicely usable internet-radio streaming is on board, and a Spotify Connect hook lets you feed your Spot-i-monkey, but only by throwing content from a Spotify-logged device such as a smartphone. (I can’t speak for Arcam, but I certainly presume that if you can afford a six-large receiver, you probably can also afford the streaming controller or hi-res DAC of your choice.)
As already mentioned, the AVR850’s channels 6 and 7 can be assigned to a second stereo zone, and there’s a Zone 2 HDMI output; both have independent source and volume control. (It’s a fixed setting, however, so having both four height channels and a second zone would require four channels of outboard amplification.) HDMI facilities are all v2.0a/HDCP 2.2, so 4K/Ultra HD readiness isn’t a problem. And DTS:X readiness is promised via the usual firmware update. Arcam eschews network-access firmware updates (a security measure, I was told, but the fact that successful implementation is a daunting task even for large manufacturers may have played a part), which means the eventual update will be via USB memory, copied from a computer download. The Arcam receiver can scale 1080p (and only 1080p) to 4K. Dolby Volume (with adjustable leveling), that oft-overlooked but real-world-handy feature, is on board and selectable to default by input.
The remote control commands the AVR850 very effectively. It’s keys are unusually generously spaced and well laid out, with contrasting colors, shapes, and sizes, plus full backlighting in response to any button press. A+, old chaps. There’s no direct access for much beyond volume, mute, and input select. But the occasional trip to the menu for channel-level touch-ups or whatever is made less onerous by fast onscreen response and clean, unfussy textual displays. And I must make mention of Arcam’s excellent manual. It’s more than 4 pounds and over 300 pages—but only because you get eight languages. The English section is a terse but complete 44 pages.
Obviously, you can buy an A/V receiver for half or even one-third the Arcam’s cost that will offer 7.1.4 Atmos and similar power ratings—I repeat, ratings, though perhaps not real power—plus wireless this ’n’ that and some other features you may well value, such as full-resolution hi-res audio streaming and maybe even a couple more amp channels. For their part, Arcam deems the AVR850’s competitors to be audio separates more than other AVRs. So whether you think Arcam is sensibly high end or simply smokin’ something special with the AVR 850’s price tag comes down to how you vote on three points. First, your worldview on amplifier quality (apart from quantity, of which the AVR850 proved to have plenty). Second, Dirac Live: better, worse, or same-diff as Audyssey XT32 or whatever or any fill-in-the-blank proprietary auto setup/EQ? And third, the ineffables of look, feel, and the je ne sais quois of Euro-design and top-grade execution. However you come down on those, though, there’s no denying the impressive sound that comes from Arcam’s latest all-in-one.
Power Output: 7 x 120 watts (8 ohms, two channels driven); 100 watts, (8 ohms, 7 channels driven)
Auto Setup/Room EQ: Dirac Live
Video Processing: Scales 1080p (only) to 4K/60
Dimensions (WxHxD, Inches): 17.25 x 7 x 16.75
Weight (Pounds): 36.75
Video Inputs: HDMI ver. 2.0a, HDCP ver. 2.2 (7, including 1 MHL compatible)
Audio Inputs: Coaxial digital (4), optical digital (2); line-level stereo RCA (6); 1/8” line-level stereo (1)
Additional: RJ-45 Ethernet; USB; 2 12V trigger (Zone 1/2); IR-in (Zone 1/2); 6V output (supplies Arcam rSeries acc.); RS-232; FM antenna
Video Outputs: HDMI ver. 2.0a (3, including 1 second zone)
Audio Outputs: 7.1.4-channel preamplifier (1); line-level Zone 2 stereo (1); 1/8” headphone (1)